Edith Wharton, (January 24, 1862 – August 11, 1937) – was an American writer and designer, the first woman writer, awarded the Pulitzer Prize. Wharton was born in 1862 in New York in an aristocratic family. She received a home education, using her father’s library. She spent her childhood and youth in Europe, where she became friends with many famous writers. She wrote her first novel at the age of 18. In 1885, at the age of 23, Wharton married Edward Robbins Wharton, a banker from a noble Boston family. Their marriage broke up, and in 1899, the first collection of her stories was published. In 1908, she fled to Paris, where she began an affair with Morton Fullerton, a journalist for The Times. During world war I she has received the award of the Order of the Honorary Legion for her active assistance to refugees in 1916. She remained in France for the rest of her life. Her most famous novel, The Age of Innocence, was written in France and published in 1920.