Hugo von Hofmannsthal
Born in Vienna in 1874, Hugo von Hofmannsthal was, alongside Arthur Schnitzler, one of the most significant authors in the literary circle “Young Vienna” in the 1890s. In 1902, Hofmannsthal turned away from aestheticism and embarked on an intense engagement with European literary tradition. He attained world fame with his plays, which include Jedermann (1911, Everyman), and his libretto for Richard Strauss, which include Der Rosenkavalier (1911) and Ariadne auf Naxos (1912). He died in 1929 in Rodaun near Vienna.