Nissim Aloni was an Israeli writer, playwright, director and translator. He was born in 1926 in south Tel Aviv, to a hard working family who immigrated to Israel from Bulgaria and lived and worked in the city for 50 years. In his life and work he was a great influence on the modern culture that developed in the city from the beginning of the 1950s. Aloni began his artistic career in 1949 by publishing short stories in newspapers and periodicals. In 1957 he published the collection The Owl, short stories from his adolescence in the Florentine neighborhood. In 1953 his first play, The King is Cruelest was staged at the Habimah Theater, marking the beginning of the long relationship with the National Theater, in which most of his plays were exhibited over the years. Aloni studied French history and culture at the Hebrew University, and later with the director Jean-Marie Serreau in Paris. Upon his return to Israel in 1957, he was appointed to the artistic committee of the Habimah Theater, a position that he held alternately for many years. In 1963, Aloni left Habima and founded with the actors Yossi Banai and Avner Hezekiah the Theater of the Seasons, in which he produced the American Princess and other plays, all directed by him. The last play written and directed by Aloni “Eddie King” was performed at Habima Theater in 1975. In addition to extensive theatrical activity, Aloni wrote and directed several of the legendary sketches of the Hagashash Hahiver Trio; He translated and adapted many plays, among others by Aristophanes, Shakespeare, Moliere, Gogol, Chekhov, Cocteau, Ionesco and Brecht. He wrote columns in the newspapers, introductions to plays, photography albums and art exhibitions. Some of which were included in his book “Lists of Street Cat” published in 1996. Nissim Aloni won, among others, the Bialik Prize in 1983 and was the Israel Prize laureate for theater in 1996. He died in Tel Aviv in 1998.